Hemu the forgotten legend
Some days back somebody told me that shivaji was the only main hindu king who clashed with Mughals, Which striked a name in my mind HEMU
Who was hemu, if u watched “akbar the great “ then it might be possible that some traces of 2nd battle of panipat was present in
memory . he was played by a character who used be a rapist in Indian movies, so that even u can’t have a sympathy for him as the killing of hemu was the second most coward thing ever done by Akbar, as I hope real akbar was not like hrithik of jodha akbar (remember killing sorry massacre of Hindu peasants just to show he was a ghazi was the most coward thing ever done) .But Seriously a master piece work done by director to paint his character in such a color that we created YET ANOTHER HERO OF OUR SOCIETY ur
Any way akbar is not focus here , so who was hemu or hemachandra vikramaditya (as a title given by himself). Very intresting fact is that those who took his name is just to put him as another HINDU KING but the fact was , that he was one of most secular king with most secular army in india
As explained by other , he was in real term him as “ napoleon of
” before actual napoleon India
Why so …
Because as napoleon he was also not from royal background ,. He was a son of vaishya or some says Brahmin. He got education in Sanskrit, hindi urdu , Persian and other languages. He learned all the art of fighting from his friend who was eventually a Rajput .
These are some abstract from kk bhardwaj book
“At a very young age, Hemu,who was based at Rewari started supplying cereals to Sher Shah Suri's army. Slowly he started other supplies like saltpetre (for gunpowder) to Sher Shah's army. Sher Shah had defeated Humayun in the year 1540 and had forced him to withdraw to
. Hemu also laid the foundation of brass cannons casting and manufacturing industry in Rewari, which remains an important industrial brass, copper sheets and utensils manufacturing centre even today. Kabul
After Sher Shah Suri's death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became ruler of
North India. Islam Shah recognised the calibre, and administrative skills of Hemu and therefore made him his personal adviser. He consulted Hemu in matters relating not only to trade and commerce, but also pertaining to statesmanship,
diplomacy and general politics. Islam Shah initially appointed Hemu as Shahang-i-Bazar, a Persian word meaning 'Market superintendent' who managed the mercantile system throughout the empire. This post gave Hemu an opportunity to interact with the king frequently in order to apprise him of the trade and commercial situation of the kingdom. Abul Fazal says that Islam Shah held Hemu in great esteem. In 1550, Hemu accompanied Islam Shah to the
Punjab where he was deputed along with other high officers to receive Mirza Kamran in the fort of Rohtas. Islam Shah consulted Hemu on a variety of matters. After serving as Sahang-i-Bazar,for some time, Hemu rose to become Chief of Intelligence or Daroga-i-Chowki (Superintendent of Post). Hemu held this position till October 30, 1553, when Islam Shah died.
Islam Shah was succeeded by his 12 year old son Firoz Khan who was soon killed by Adil Shah Suri. The new king Adil was an indolent, pleasure-seeker, drunkard and debauch as well as faced revolts all around. Adil Shah took Hemu as his Chief Advisor and entrusted all his work to him. Hemu now became the prime minister and chief of the Afghan army. After some time, Adil Shah became insane and Hemu became the virtual king.
Many Afghan governors rebelled against the weak King Adil Shah and refused to pay the taxes; Hemu went to various states in
North India to crush rebellions. Ibrahim Khan, Sultan Muhhamad Khan, Taj Karrani, Rukh Khan Nurani and several other Afghan rebel officers were defeated and killed one by one by Hemu. At the battle of Chhapparghatta in December 1555, Hemu routed the Bengal forces under Muhammad Shah, who was killed in the battle.
At the time Afghans considered themselves to be natives (and were considered to be natives by the Hindus); on the other hand Akbar, writes Vincent Arthur Smith, was considered to be a foreigner. Writer K.K.Bhardwaj in his book "Hemu-Napoleon of medieval
" claimed that Hemu was a native ruler leading a native Afghan army to victory, battle after battle. Thus, Hemu became popular among Hindus as well as Afghans. Another writer K.R.Qanungo writes that, it indicates that the rule which Hemu established, commanding Afghan army was secular and nationalistic. India
Hemu never saw the defeat in a battle and romped from victory to victory throughout his life (he died in the only battle he lost). If Napoleon promised his soldiers a glorious future they fought bravely in his Italian campaign and instilled in them a new vigour and enthusiasm by an excellent address leading to glorious victories, Hemu practiced it by his lavish distribution of the spoils of war among his soldiers. After winning
Agra, Hemu moved towards final assault on . Delhi
Tardi Beg Khan who was Governor of Delhi, representing Akbar, sent a despatch to Akbar and Bairam Khan that Hemu had captured
Agra and was intending to attack the capital which could not be defended without adequate reinforcements. Bairam Khan who visualised the gravity of the situation, sent his ablest lieutenant Pir Muhammad Sharwani with other brave commanders to Tardi Beg to hearten him advising to do his utmost for the time being. Tardi Beg Khan summoned all the Mughal commanders of the neighbourhood to the rescue of Delhi and a war council was held. It was decided to fight Hemu and plans were made accordingly.” Delhi
Sir Jadunath Sarkar writes in detail about the battle of Tughlaqabad:
"The Mughal army was thus drawn up. Abdullah Uzbeg commanded the Van, Haider Muhammad the right wing, Iskander Beg the left and Tardi Beg himself the centre. The choice Turki Cavalry in the Van and left wing attacked and drove back the enemy forces before them and followed far in pursuit. In this assault the Victors captured 400 elephants and slew 3000 men of the Afghan army. Imagining victory already gained, many of Tardi Beg followers dispersed to plunder the enemy camp and he was left in the field thinly guarded. All this time Hemu had been holding 300 choice elephants and a force of select horsemen as a reserve in the centre. He promptly seized the opportunity and made a sudden charge upon Tardi Beg with this reserve."
The result was confusion and defeat for the Mughals. Hemu was helped by reinforcements from Alwar with a contingent commanded by Hazi Khan and desertions of various Mughal Commanders along with Pir Muhhammad Khan who fled away from the battle field to the utmost chagrin and surprise of Tardi Beg who followed suit.
after a day's battle on October 6, 1556. Some 3000 soldiers died in this battle. However, Mughal forces lead by Tardi Beg Khan vacated Delhi Delhi after a day's fight and Hemu entered victorious under a royal canopy.” Delhi
Even in battle of panipat he was on strong side or we can say was going to defeat but by accident a arrow injured his eye and he become unconscious , which was taken as opportunity by Bairam khan and rumour about his death created a virtual defeat of hemu. After that they have done series of famous coward act like beheading him in unconscious state
What I learned from his story that
Unlike other SO CALLED HERO OF HISTORY he was not a royal.
He earned his power by true tactics, and in real terms he was a great leader as to get power on that time when you were born slave to the MIGTHY FUC***G KING was really tough . he got it by education, war strategy, business mind
Unlike other king he got a great command and knowledge on market as well as war machine( like canons and saltpeter .)
He never lost any battle
But sorry to say , since he had not got any community ,( like maratha , muslims,,mundas etc.) who sympathize and take him as ANOTHER HERO, he was lost in past
Situation is so bad no body remembers his name and many consider that period between Humayun and Akbar was not ruled at all. Even I have not any other photo than the picture I posted ( I mean not on even Google)
Here is a king who was Hindu and was more powerful than mugals but so what , does he represent any community , no. so why should you remember him ,. Why we should sung the bravery of a king who faced (unlike many so called HERO) battle himself and won each.
Today history is all about politicians, local leaders, artist who used it as their painting paper to paint whatever they want.
So Don’t ever be emotional fool and start thinking radically . Never ever believe on lok kathayein which are nothing but a work of toady poet (either its prthvi raj chauhan.,
ki rani , Mangal pandey, shivaji or Vir kunwar singh ) jhansi
When you Compare their life with him and other great kings of
, you will realize how much flattery in their tongue. I mean if they are so valiant why can’t they defeat the English or invaders India
Infact we worship all BIG LOSSERS who only fought ; never won